Hazrat Imam e Mehdi by Mufti Muhammad Fiaz Chishti
Hazrat Imam e Mehdi (A.S) – ٱلْإِمَام حُجَّة ٱللَّٰه ٱبْن ٱلْحَسَن ٱلْمَهْدِيّ عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَام
Writer:(Hazrat Imam e Mehdi (A.S))
Book Summary:(Hazrat Imam e Mehdi (A.S))
Muhammad ibn Hasan al-Mahdi (Arabic:حجت بن الحسن المهدي) is believe by Twelver Shi’a Muslims to be the Mahdi. An ultimate savior of humankind and the final Imam of the Twelve Imams. He will emerge with Isa (Jesus Christ) in order to fulfill their mission of bringing peace and justice to the world. Twelver Shi’a believe that al-Mahdi was born in 869 (15 Shaban 255 AH) and assume Imamate at 5 years of age following the death of his father Hasan al-Askari. In the early years of his Imamate he would only contact his followers through The Four Deputies.
After a 72-year period, known as Minor Occultation, a few days before the death of his fourth deputy Abul Hasan Ali ibn Muhammad al-Samarri in 941, he is believe to have sent his followers a letter. In that letter that was transmitted by al-Samarri he declared the beginning of Major Occultation during which Mahdi is not in contact with his followers.
Followers of Sunni Islam and other minority Shias believe that the Mahdi has not yet been born, and therefore his exact identity is only known to Allah. Aside from the Mahdi’s precise genealogy, Sunnis accept many of the same hadiths Shias accept about the predictions regarding the Mahdi’s emergence, his acts, and his universal Caliphate. Sunnis also have a few more Mahdi hadiths which are not present in Shia collections.
The messianic belief in Mahdi helped Shias to tolerate unbearable situations to the level. That without it the Shia religion might not have been able to survive persecutions in the course of history. It also acted as a moderating force among them by postponing political activities until the future coming of the Awaited Mahdi.
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